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Understanding Your Y-DNA Results

The Project's Results Page

  • The page of the project's website where your yDNA results are shown with all the others results for members of the project.

  • Results are grouped according to haplogroups and lineages. 

  • When your results are ready, your Project Administrator will post your yDNA results on the project's y-Results Page.

  • You will receive an email from the Project Administrator informing you which area in the Results page your results have been posted. 

Go to the project's Y-Results Page.

  • You can click the link to the results page in the email you received about new results posted. 

  • If you are unable to click on the link, you can copy and paste the url into your computer's browser.

  • If you don't have a link, you can find the project's y-Results page by going to and hover over the DNA Project tab in the menu bar


To Find Your Results


Contacting your matches

  • Check the Patriarchs Page to see if your match has posted a pedigree.

  • His Dunbar Project  Number (D-000) will appear in red at the beginning of his pedigree.

  • Ask your Project Administrator if the others in your Lineage already appear on your "Matches" page at FTDNA.

  • Ask your Project Administrator to forward an email to your matches in the Lineage.

Results Page Layout Explained


  • ID number (#) assigned by the Dunbar DNA Prroject (D-000) is the code identity for members of the project.  

  • Earliest Known Ancestor (EKA)--the male who is the farthest back in the paternal line of the  participant - as traced through a paper trail. 

  • If the project member provided this information through their Personal Page at FTDNA, it will be included in the results. 

  • If not provided, we substitute the last name of the participant. 

  • The Project Administrator can look to see if the project member has provided a pedigree to get this information, and if not, will want to email the person to ask him to provide this information. 

       Big Y, FF, & Tested STR's columns: These are additional tests the members have taken and/or the number/levelf markers the member has tested.  


  • Haplo: short for Haplogroup This name is used for the branches of the "Family Tree of Man" based on analysis of yDNA. 

  • Green, Red, Black Haplogroup Names tell how the Haplogroup was reported for each member:

  • Red means FTDNA has estimated the Haplogroup, based on matching the yDNA profile to men who have been formally SNP tested

  • Green is used when the project member has been SNP tested to determine his Haplogroup or Clade. 

  • Black is sometimes used for estimates created in any other way

Marker Panels : the vertical numbers and letters in the header across the top of the Results Table show the DYS ("address")names for a l;ocation on the yDNA strand. ​

  • DYS Value in the Results Table
  • Under each DYS name in the header, a number is shown which tells the number of times that pattern repeated at that marker on that kit's test results.

  • These numbers are then compared within the Haplogroup to find those that match at 23/25, 33/37/, 61/67 or better.  These are grouped into a lineage.

  • Mutation Colors - We use color-coding to mark the mutations from the Haplogroup Profile.  Markers that match the Haplogroup Profile are shown in the Haplogroup Profile color, while the mutations are marked using our color-coding: 

  • Using this coding for mutations, a number that is 5 less than the Haplogroup Profile number at that marker would be colored yellow, 4 less would be orange, 3 less would be hot pink, and so on. 

  • When men are grouped together in a lineage, we can estimate the yDNA profile for their common ancestor by deducing what his profile had to be in order for his descendants to have their specific results. 

  • Mutations:   

  • Generally an exact copy of the yDNA is passed from father to son, but occasionally, and at random, a slight difference may occur, called a mutation.  (Typically this mutation will show as a difference of one count, but there are special cases where it can be greater than one.)

  • Where the mutation is matching a mutation from another result within the Lineage, the match likely indicates a more recent shared common ancestor (or a "branch" within the Lineage) as the two men probably both inherited the mutation from a recent common ancestor.

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